What Europe can teach us about keeping the Internet open and free
20 it had received an initial disclosure from the Syrian government of its chemical weapons program. The Sept. 14 U.S.-Russian agreement, which averted an American military strike on Assads government, called for an itemization of Syria s poison gas stocks by yesterday. Initial Disclosure Ben Rhodes, White House deputy national security adviser, said Sept. 20 that it was a positive step for Syria to submit the list within the period outlined in the agreement, which calls for the Arab country to turn over its chemical weapons to international control for eventual destruction. There needs to be consequences for noncompliance, Rhodes told reporters on a conference call. We would want to see the strongest enforcement possible. The executive council of the chemical weapons organization in The Hague, which would oversee Syrias disarmament, said Sept. 20 it postponed a meeting on Syria and is aiming for a new date in the middle of this week. Russia has had close ties with Syria since Assads father, Hafez al-Assad, took power in a coup in 1970. Russia has been a major arms provider to the regime and maintains its only military base outside the former Soviet Union at Syrias Mediterranean port of Tartus. Our American partners are trying to blackmail us, Lavrov said. The U.S. is saying that unless Russia accepts to adopt this resolution under Chapter 7, we will stop the work of the OPCW in The Hague, he said refering to the UN charters chapter, which lays out provisions that have been used to justify armed intervetions since the Korean War.
Russia Rejects U.S.-Europe Plan to Enforce Syria UN Measure
But then the FCC decided not to regulate broadband the same way. Whereas telecom providers had to practice unbundling, Internet providers didn’t the better to encourage them to build more infrastructure , or so the logic went. If all the companies expected to freeload, nobody would take the responsibility to lay the cables. Today, that means every ISP owns its own network. But it also means there are fewer competitors in the marketplace. “In the year 2000, there were 9,000 ISPs in the United States,” Kehl told me. After the FCC steered clear of unbundling for broadband, she said, the number fell by 74 percent to less than 2,500 in 2005. Now that the market for broadband has become so empty, net neutrality is one of the few policies that can keep the Internet open and affordable, Kehl said. Europe will be watching the D.C. Circuit closely for a decision on net neutrality. However the case turns out, it will set a major precedent for the dozens of activist groups working independently in each country, said Roslyn Layton, an American Internet economist at Aalborg University in Copenhagen. “Every country defines net neutrality differently. I’ve counted 12 different definitions,” she said.